Shading can be difficult. In this lesson, we don’t cover all the principles behind shading but rather a few of the techniques that can be used to add shadow to an object.
1. Stippling- marker, pen, or paint dots
Stippling is a very stylized approach to shading. Because this technique takes a good amount of time, utensils such as markers or pens can speed up the process. If a piece of art is created entirely by stippling it can fall into the Pointillism category. In this technique, darkness is represented by a higher density of dots.
MORE DOTS = DARK
LESS DOTS = LIGHT
2. Pressure- pencil, charcoal, or pastel
MORE PRESSURE = DARK
LESS PRESSURE = LIGHT
3. Cross-Hatching – pen or marker
Cross hatching is also a stylistic way to shade. This is usually used with materials like pens which are not as affected by using more or less pressure. The closer the lines are, the darker the area appears.
CLOSE LINES = DARK
SPACED OUT LINES = LIGHT